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Ciba Foundation Symposium 97 - Better Crops for Food

Chapter 1 Chairman's advent (pages 1–3): E.A. Bell
Chapter 2 greater vegetation for Food—An evaluation (pages 4–15): C. R. W. Spedding
Chapter three dietary elements of advancements in Legume Seed plants (pages 16–27): D. Boulter
Chapter four prestige of latest Nitrogen Inputs for plants (pages 28–48): Ralph W. F. Hardy, Peter G. Heytler and Ross M. Rainbird
Chapter five edition in and Genetics of convinced Antinutritional and Biologically energetic parts of Soybean Seed (pages 49–60): Theodore Hymowitz
Chapter 6 vegetation Tolerant of Salinity and different Mineral Stresses (pages 61–82): Emanuel Epstein
Chapter 7 Intercropping reports with Annual plants (pages 83–100): R. W. Willey, M. Natarajan, M. S. Reddy, M. R. Rao, P. T. C. Nambiar, J. Kannaiyan and V. S. Bhatnagar
Chapter eight a number of Land?Use and Agroforestry (pages 101–115): P. okay. R. Nair
Chapter nine An built-in affliction and Pest administration Scheme, EPIPRE, for Wheat (pages 116–129): J.C. Zadoks
Chapter 10 Maximizing Hybrid power in Autotetraploid Alfalfa (pages 130–143): E. T. Bingham
Chapter eleven New nutrition Legume vegetation for the Tropics (pages 144–160): Nazmul Haq
Chapter 12 Germplasm protection (pages 161–176): Donald okay. Dougall
Chapter thirteen Somaclonal edition and Genetic development of Crop vegetation (pages 177–197): William R. Scowcroft and Philip J. Larkin
Chapter 14 purposes of Molecular Biology in Plant Breeding: The Detection of Genetic version and Viral Pathogens (pages 198–212): R. B. Flavell, R. J. Kemble, R. E. Gunn, A. Abbott and D. Baulcombe
Chapter 15 Protoplast Fusion and Transformation (pages 213–236): O. Schieder, P. P. Gupta, G. Krumbiegel and T. Hein
Chapter sixteen Chairman's last comments (pages 237–238): E.A. Bell

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Extra resources for Ciba Foundation Symposium 97 - Better Crops for Food

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Finally, one can imagine an even more futuristic solution-one that undoubtedly will occur within the next century. A synthetic gene will be made that codes for an enzyme with ideal N2-fixing characteristics. This gene will code for a small, stable, high turnover, absolute substrate specificity, zero direct energy input nitrogen-fixing enzyme with appropriate regulation by fixed nitrogen. Such an accomplishment will clearly demonstrate our superior ability compared to that of nature at its present stage of evolution.

In many cases plants have devised a general mechanism for using a protective compound against a wide range of pests and diseases, but it is not 100% effective in each case. Bell: You will always find the occasional predator which comes up with a biological answer to a chemical problem that the plant has set it. REFERENCES Bauer WD 1981 Infection of legumes by Rhizobia. Annu Rev Plant Physiol32:407-484 Bell AA 1981 Biochemical mechanisms of disease resistance. Annu Rev Plant Physiol32:21-81 Bright SWJ, Kueh JSH, Franklin J, Rognes SE, Miflin BJ 1982Two genes for threonine accumulation in barley seeds.

With most of the major crops such as wheat, barley and maize, plant breeding has not increased the biomass of the crop over the past 70 years. e. an increase in harvest index. 5. I am suggesting that there is an immense genetic capacity for redistributing photosynthate. Maybe nitrogen fixation can be amplified genetically without a penalty on the harvestable yield. Hardy: I think we should use several approaches to see what can be done to provide fixed nitrogen. However, we cannot ignore the huge cost of biological N2 fixation.

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