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After Ethnic Conflict: Policy-making in Post-conflict Bosnia by Cvete Koneska

By Cvete Koneska

After Ethnic clash: Policy-making in Post-conflict Bosnia and Macedonia investigates how delicate coverage concerns could be resolved within the aftermath of struggle via investigating how political elites engage and make judgements in ethnically divided societies. Focussing at the interactions among political elites and makes an attempt to arrive contract throughout ethnic strains in Bosnia and Macedonia the publication examines the influence that institutional components could have on political actors and the selections they make.Examining family elements and exterior impact in politics, Cvete Koneska identifies 4 key drivers of post-conflict cooperation: cross-cutting identities, minority veto powers, territorial autonomy, and casual practices to give an explanation for inter-ethnic political lodging. by way of taking a look past the rapid post-conflict panorama, created by way of international peace negotiators and reduction missions, to the inner political procedure she exhibits the true purposes political actors cooperate and the way competing ethnic tensions are reconciled following ethnic clash. Delving deeper into particular coverage components to match winning and unsuccessful makes an attempt at ethnic lodging this ebook explores the criteria in the back of the various coverage results that maintain or undermine peace and ethnic cooperation in ethnically divided societies.

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34 Therefore, the following chapters study the impact that the various different forms of territorial and functional autonomy in Bosnia and Macedonia have over the interactions of political elites. The final power-sharing principle refers to groups’ veto rights in the decisionmaking and policy-making processes. 35 Veto rights give some or all (minority) groups the power to block the adoption and implementation of specific policies that are seen as harmful for the group. The range and nature of those veto powers can vary in different states.

In the case of Bosnia and Macedonia these two processes are not independent from each other. The combined post-communist and post-conflict transitions lead to a potentially more thorough penetration of informal rules and practices in the political process. The negative effects of informal practices in politics are well known. Most of the literature discussing informal practices focuses on their negative impact 34 After Ethnic Conflict on the prospects for successful democratic transition and post-conflict ethnic accommodation.

First, it allows the analysis to focus on those groups that influence and make the most important decisions in society – political leaders. Focusing on decision-makers makes it easier to analyse their interactions and the processes through which they overcome conflict and divergent interests in order to reach mutually acceptable solutions. Second, by not treating political leaders 4 Michael G. Burton and John Higley, ‘Elite Settlements’, American Sociological Review, 52 (1987): 295–307. 22 After Ethnic Conflict as a single monolithic group, this definition allows the existence of a dynamic relationship between different sets of sub-elites in different parts of society.

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