By Rolando V. del Carmen, Jeffery T. Walker
This renowned reference e-book briefs situations facing themes of basic significance to police officers, together with briefs of vital instances within the parts of cease and frisk, seek and seizure, car searches, confessions and felony liabilities.
- Briefs of situations comprise tablet, proof, factor, conserving, cause and case significance.
- Includes checklist of ''Top Ten'' such a lot Important Cases in daily Policing
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Additional info for Briefs of Leading Cases in Law Enforcement
In the Sheppard case, the error was committed by the magistrate, not the police. This is an important difference. MURRAY V. S. 533 (1988) CAPSULE: The “independent source” exception to the exclusionary rule allows the use of evidence obtained by officers who act in reasonable reliance on a search warrant that is based on information that was not obtained illegally. FACTS: Suspecting illegal drug activities, federal agents followed Murray and several co-conspirators. At one point, Murray drove a truck and another person drove a camper into a warehouse.
The officers again sought entrance three hours later, after the arrival of more police. When Mapp did not respond, the officers broke the door open. Mapp’s attorney arrived but was denied access 11 12 CHAPTER 2 The exclusionary rule to his client. Mapp demanded to see the search warrant the police claimed to possess. When a paper supposed to be the warrant was held up by one of the officers, Mapp grabbed the paper and placed it in her bosom. A struggle ensued and the paper was recovered after Mapp was handcuffed for being belligerent.
S. 471 (1963), 12–14, 180, 229 Wyoming v. S. 295 (1999), 129–130 Zurcher v. S. 547 (1978), 74, 129 CHAPTER Probable cause 1 INTRODUCTION “Probable cause” is the most important and most often used phrase in law enforcement. ” Brinegar v. S. 160 (1949). For purposes of day-to-day policing, probable cause is present if an officer has trustworthy evidence or information sufficient to make a “reasonable person” believe it is more likely than not that the proposed arrest or search is justified. Although never specifically stated in Supreme Court cases, in mathematical terms, probable cause exists if there is more than 50 percent certainty that the suspect has committed an offense or that the items sought can be found in a certain place.