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The Monetary Geography of Africa by Paul R. Masson, Catherine A. Pattillo,

By Paul R. Masson, Catherine A. Pattillo,

A assessment of the historical past of economic preparations at the African continent, this name analyses the placement and clients for additional integration. The author's argue that the aim of constructing a unmarried African foreign money is perhaps past succeed in.

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See Valério (2002). 19. See Indian Ocean Newsletter (1986). 20. See Institut Royal des Relations Internationales (1963). 20 african currency regimes since world war ii the financial support of France, the fixed peg to the French franc, despite a devaluation that occurred in 1994. Dissolution of British Currency Boards Seeds of the dismemberment of currency boards in western and eastern Africa were already planted before independence. 21 Sterling balances yielded at the time very low rates of interest, stimulating demands that the colonies be allowed to hold a more diversified portfolio of assets.

Mundell (1961). 3. Collier (1991). criteria for currency unions 35 was important, but the implementation of a monetary union (envisioned some forty years ago) followed, rather than preceded, deep structural integration, the creation of other regional institutions, and the experience of close intergovernmental cooperation. A common currency that is not supported adequately by institutions and regional solidarity may fail, and this would harm, not help, other regional integration initiatives. There are examples of this, including the ruble zone at the dissolution of the Soviet Union and monetary union in the EAC shortly after independence.

44 The Rand Monetary Area was replaced in July 1986 by the CMA as a result of agreement among the three countries to accommodate certain concerns of Swaziland. The MMA made Namibia an independent member of the CMA in February 1992, though the latter had long been a de facto member of the rand zone. As was the case for the Rand Monetary Area, the CMA is a formal exchange rate union in which monetary policy is effectively set by South Africa but where the smaller members have the right to issue their own currencies.

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