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Conscience and allegiance in seventeenth century England: by David Martin Jones

By David Martin Jones

Through the Stuart monarchy oath taking turned a method to implement well known allegiance to the king (who had develop into head of either the church and the kingdom through the earlier Tudor reign). In an age more and more preoccupied via sense of right and wrong, this firstly helped to reinforce the monarch's energy. but, ironically, religiously and constitutionally inspired teams strongly objected to such kingdom oaths, and the try by way of the crown to implement such unconditional allegiance served to create a countervailing culture that hostile it. This publication discusses either the appeal of the kingdom oath to govt as a devise to advertise and safe aid, and the explanations why moral sense declined in political relevance throughout the eighteenth century.

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Extra resources for Conscience and allegiance in seventeenth century England: the political significance of oaths and engagements

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83 (London, 1953); J. Swift, The Swearer's Bank (London, 1720). Page 12 taking and the extent that this evolving practice reflected the new political fact that the Reformation had both increased the political authority and exacerbated the political insecurity of the godly prince. In this context, the expansion of the equity jurisdiction and common law as a machinery for officially determining the conscience of the ecclesiastical polity will be explored. The objections raised both by the more captious aspects of Puritan conscience and the Jesuit-inspired assault on the Jacobean oath of allegiance (1606), came to establish the casuistical frame of reference in which oath theory and practice was subsequently conducted.

Hill, "Form Oaths to Interest," in Society and Puritanism in Pre-revolutionary England (London, 1964). P. A. Pocock has shown the pertinence of an ancient constitution to English understandings of a mixed and balanced polity. Meanwhile, Clark and Black have demonstrated that a predisposition for conventional understandings of allegiance and obligation grounded in the Anglican confession and the state oaths continued to define the allegiance of subjects to the Hanoverian monarchy well into the eighteenth century.

The oath rendered in Norman or court French can be found in the appendix and in J. Kitchin, Le Court Leete et Court Baron (London, 1613). 3 See D. Loades, Power in Tudor England (London, 1997), ch. 4, for a succinct analysis of the evolution of local administration under the Tudors. By the sixteenth century the old manorial courts were being replaced by or subsumed within the petty sesssions held by the justices of the peace (pp. 724). See also J. R. Lander, English Justices of the Peace 14611509 (Gloucester, 1989), ch.

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