By Jan-Erik Lane
Starting from the principal-agent standpoint, this ebook deals a brand new research of presidency. It translates political associations as units designed to resolve the omnipresent principal-agent video game in politics. In different phrases find out how to opt for, train, computer screen and assessment political brokers or elites in order that they convey in keeping with the desires and personal tastes in their central: the population.
This booklet explores no matter if there are any evolutionary mechanisms in politics which advisor mankind in the direction of the rule of thumb of legislations regime, locally and globally. It combines a cross-sectional process with a longitudinal one.
Comparing the level of the rule of thumb of legislations between states, utilizing a collection of knowledge from one hundred fifty international locations bearing on political and social variables, the writer seeks to appreciate why there's the sort of marked distinction between states. Taking a state-centred standpoint and looking out at international locations with a inhabitants greater than a million humans through the submit moment global warfare interval, the e-book examines:
- The balance and function of states
- The stipulations for the rule of thumb of legislation regime: fiscal, social, cultural and institutional ones
- The evolution of governments in the direction of rule of law
Comparative Politics - The Principle-Agent Perspective will be of curiosity to scholars and students of comparative politics, executive, political idea and law.
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Additional info for Comparative Politics: The principal-agent perspective (Routledge Research in Comparative Politics)
When the concept of a political elite is broadened to include also the actors in civil society aiming at influencing policy-making and policy implementation, then one would wish to link the role of organised interests and the NGOs to supporting rule of law. There are two theories about the role of civil society in influencing politics and policies, one based upon narrow egoistic interests and another founded upon the spread of social preferences. Olson’s selfinterest-based collective action hypothesis claims that pressure groups will have an influence over politics to the extent that they can overcome the freerider problem promoting narrow group interests.
Although institutions tend to develop into legacies, they have a rationale in relation to the objectives or interests of human beings. The principal–agent framework offers a coherent perspective upon institutional choice, as the population would wish to have institutions that constrain political elites towards rule of law outputs. Political agents: outputs and outcomes The outcome perspective in comparative government has been much researched in the emerging field of comparative public policy. In the traditional approach, almost nothing was said about what governments in fact did, as the focus of interest was on the structure of the state.
It only takes one example such as Robert Mugabe to illustrate how costly a politician may be to a country – in this case his own country, Zimbabwe. The arena where politicians are chosen is the electorate. Can the voters differentiate between high-effort and low-effort agents? The ambiguity of the electoral contract does not help voters identify the nature of politicians, as talk is cheap and promises come up for fulfilment long after they have been made. Opportunism on the part of politicians may turn up a handsome gain in the short term, although it may eventually spell disaster in the long term.