By Sari Kovats; World Health Organization
Read Online or Download Climate Change and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion (WHO Regional Publications. European Series) PDF
Similar geography books
Nationwide Geographic Italia è los angeles rivista che ogni mese racconta le meraviglie del nostro pianeta con reportage esclusivi, fotografie mozzafiato e articoli sempre nuovi e sorprendenti. L’obiettivo è condurre il lettore nei più reconditi segreti della natura, nei misteri della vita animale, tra popolazioni lontane e affascinanti, invitandolo advert apprezzare e a prendersi cura del mondo in cui viviamo.
Like several issues, residing within the new york isn't unfastened! a superb publication that breaks down in different types for foodies (that's me), romantic weekends, historic websites, antiques, artwork cities. child pleasant escapes, fairs and the nice outdoor. In 2008-9, we're all dealing with one of many greatest fiscal crunch: however it doesn't suggest we need to sacrifice leisure and experience time.
This interesting new addition to the Alive! sequence takes you to the Jamaica, a land of dashing waterfalls, sandy seashores, substantial rivers and robust cultural roots. "Dawn to nightfall" sections concentrate on the simplest sunlight hours delights, corresponding to awesome watersports, sightseeing, white sand shorelines and engaging museums.
- Frommer's Maine Coast Day by Day (Frommer's Day by Day - Pocket)
- Switzerland, 13th Edition
- Frommer's Portable Las Vegas (2007) 9th Edition
- Surveying Instruments
Additional info for Climate Change and Stratospheric Ozone Depletion (WHO Regional Publications. European Series)
Consequently, mosquito densities increased and enhanced the probability of local malaria transmission of imported parasite strains. There is now a risk that malaria may be introduced to surrounding countries where potential malaria vectors are present. The importation of cases into Bulgaria and Romania from the countries of the former USSR is now increasing, and this increases the risk of local transmission. This risk of the reintroduction of malaria to the eastern part of the European Region could be increased by climate change.
The life-cycle stages of the infecting parasite within the vector are also limited by temperature. A minimum temperature threshold is required to complete the extrinsic incubation period. These limits will expand northwards with climate change. The current main vector-borne diseases in Europe can be classified as: • formerly widespread, such as malaria, which is currently epidemic in Armenia, Azerbaijan, Tajikistan, Turkey and Turkmenistan; • locally endemic, such as leishmaniasis in southern France, Italy, Portugal and Spain, and tick-borne encephalitis in southern Scandinavia and central and eastern Europe; and • emerging diseases, such as Lyme disease, which is prevalent over much of Europe.
Tick-borne encephalitis is present in southern Scandinavia and central and eastern Europe. Tick-borne encephalitis is caused by a flavivirus with at least two subtypes: the central European type – prevalent in Europe – and the Russian spring–summer encephalitis subtype. The latter comprises other subtypes that cause diseases worldwide: louping-ill in Ireland, Norway and Scotland, Omsk haemorrhagic fever in Siberia, Kyasanur Forest disease in India and Powassan encephalitis in North America. The risk of contracting the disease from a single tick bite is 1 in 600 in endemic regions (140).