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Beyond totalitarianism: Stalinism and Nazism compared by Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick

By Michael Geyer, Sheila Fitzpatrick

In essays written together through experts on Soviet and German heritage, the participants to this ebook reconsider and transform the character of Stalinism and Nazism and determine a brand new method for viewing their histories that is going way past the now-outdated twentieth-century versions of totalitarianism, ideology, and character. Doing the hard work of comparability supplies us the skill to envision the historicity of the 2 outstanding regimes and the wreckage they've got left. With the top of the chilly conflict and the cave in of the Soviet Union, students of Europe are not any longer stressed with the political luggage that constricted examine and conditioned interpretation and feature entry to hitherto closed documents. The time is true for a clean examine the 2 vast dictatorships of the 20 th century and for a go back to the unique reason of idea on totalitarian regimes - knowing the intertwined trajectories of socialism and nationalism in eu and international background.

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But see Dan Diner, “Rassistisches Volkerrecht: Elemente der nationalsozialistischen Weltord¨ ¨ Zeitgeschichte 37 (1989): 23–56; Friedrich Balke, Der Staat nach nung,” Vierteljahrshefte fur seinem Ende: Die Versuchung Carl Schmitts (Munich: Wilhelm Fink Verlag, 1996). As overviews: David L. , Stalinism: The Essential Readings (Oxford: Blackwell, 2003); Fitzpatrick, Stalinism: New Directions. : Krieg, Revolution und Gewalt im 20. Jahrhundert, ed. Jorg Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, ¨ Baberowski (Gottingen: ¨ 2006), 174–201.

Richard J. Overy, The Dictators: Hitler’s Germany and Stalin’s Russia (New York: W. W. Norton, 2004); Gellately, Lenin, Stalin, and Hitler: The Age of Social Catastrophe. 90 On one hand, the two regimes, despite their mutual and implacable ideological enmity, appear so incredibly similar that it seems only a matter of putting the two sides together to establish their commonality. Yes, their worldviews were inimical. But the fact that they both were “ideology”driven joins them together, or so it is argued.

Taken together, they impacted the issues of regime mobilization, the pursuit of violence, and, had we chosen the subject, the modes and spaces of resistance. Size determines very different degrees of permeability – in both the ability of a regime to organize a given social territory and in how that task is structured. 109 Third, periodization is of consequence. The editors focused on the 1930s and 1940s because that period seemed best suited for illuminating the quintessential features of Nazism and Stalinism.

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