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Beneath the Dardanelles: The Australian Submarine at by Peter J Murray Affiliation: RAN

By Peter J Murray Affiliation: RAN

The Gallipoli crusade is normally remembered because the motion at the Gallipoli Peninsula in Australia, yet an immense addition to that land crusade was once the half performed by way of the Australian submarine HMAS AE2. The AE2 accomplished a bold passage during the Dardanelles on April 25, 1915 while Anzac troops have been touchdown at the different part at Anzac Cove. The Royal and French navies' prior makes an attempt at passage had led to catastrophe. AE2's challenge to 'run amuck' ended after 5 days within the Sea of Marmara while it was once stuck by way of the Turkish Sultanhisar torpedo boat. After being holed, AE2's captain Stoker scuttled the submarine and its group was once stored via Sultanhisar's captain, Ali Riza. underneath the Dardanelles tells AE2's tale from either the Australian and Turkish views, and lines extracts from the memoirs of the 2 captains. hardly in army books are each side of a conflict awarded so lightly. The submarine lay undiscovered at the backside of the ocean until eventually 1998 and awaits its future because the greatest ancient Australian relic of the Gallipoli crusade. the way forward for AE2 could be newsworthy for future years and this e-book makes a big contribution to that tale

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Can you imagine the speed it had for us? Percival passed and repassed at steady intervals. Some of the crew—lucky creatures—succeeded in going to sleep. Attempted jokes as to Percival’s reappearance fell mighty flat. As the day wore on, lying in my bunk, I will most ashamedly confess to a feeling of quivering funk each time he passed overhead. Sometimes he was accompanied by a fussy motor boat, sometimes alone. The few moments immediately after his passing were the bad ones. indd Sec1:47 18/7/08 12:55:13 PM 48 Beneath the Dardanelles be a short time before the side of our boat would be blown in upon us.

In this case, however, the Turks could claim success instead of glorious defeat. SUBMARINES IN ACTION The old Turkish battleship Mesudiye was stationed near the coast, around the Narrows, as a last line of defence if the Allied navy managed to get that far. indd Sec1:25 18/7/08 12:55:08 PM 26 Beneath the Dardanelles achieved this feat and torpedoed and sank Mesudiye on 13 December 1914. The sinking was an eye-opener for the Ottomans and a reminder to the British Admiralty that submarines might play an important role in this campaign.

Dockyard at Gölcük, 100 kilometres east of Istanbul. indd Sec1:16 18/7/08 12:55:07 PM Story of submarines 17 firm: Vickers. The extremely lucrative contract stated that only Turkish or British workmen could be employed on the dockyards and provided the British a practical monopoly of naval construction and repairs for 30 years in Turkey. Meanwhile, the dark clouds of the First World War were gathering momentum in Europe, where the great imperialist powers were lining up against each other. Britain, France and Russia formed the Triple Entente, and Germany and the Austro-Hungarian Empire joined in the Central Powers.

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