By Peggy Thomas
They're liable for the various deadliest illnesses, but they play an essential position in holding existence on the earth. In Bacteria and Viruses, know about the scientists who chanced on them, how we struggle the dangerous ones, and the way worthy microbes can be utilized to enhance our lives.
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Extra resources for Bacteria and Viruses (The Lucent Library of Science and Technology)
He injected Joseph with the weakened vaccine and increased the dose daily. After fourteen days Joseph Meister was stronger and had made history. He became the first person to survive rabies. More Vaccines Pasteur’s success inspired a concerted effort to develop vaccines for other dreadful diseases, but it did not happen quickly. Max Theiler created a vaccine against yellow 43 44 Bacteria and Viruses The Vaccination Process Vaccine Skin Injecting vaccine A person is injected with a harmless form of the germ, which does not cause the disease.
He did not believe it was simply a toxin, as Ivanovski suggested. Beijerinck filtered and diluted the infective liquid again and again until he was left with such a weak substance that if it were a toxin, it would no longer harm the plant. But when this diluted substance was rubbed onto a healthy tobacco leaf, it shriveled and the disease spread to other parts of the plant. Attempts to grow the organism in the lab failed. Whatever it was, the infective agent would grow and spread only inside plant cells.
Knowing when an outbreak began, who it affected, and when it ended gives epidemiologists an idea of the kind of disease that could have occurred within that time frame. Epidemiologists also track each patient’s activities to narrow down the possible source of infection and plot each incident on a map to see if there is a geographical element. They search the area for evidence of animal activity, insects, or contaminated water or food. Doctors take samples of blood or tissue and send them to their lab in Georgia, where microbiologists will identify the microbes involved in the incident.