By W. D. Taylour, Richard Janko
Lord William Taylours excavations at Ayios Stephanos in 1959-77 investigated a port that trusted exchange, fishing and metallurgy. It lay simply north of the most Minoan east-west exchange direction through Kythera and exported the infrequent stone lapis lacedaemonius to Cretan workshops. As a Linear A inscription exhibits, the positioning illuminates the diffusion of Minoan tradition to the mainland. Ayios Stephanos yielded a stratified pottery series from EH I to LH IIIC, with a holiday on the finish of the Early Bronze Age. examine of this series has drastically more desirable our wisdom of the chronology, clarifying Cretan kinfolk with the mainland. there have been 3 stages of EH. After disastrous fires, oblong structures changed the MH I apsidal dwellings, and the road plan got here to resemble Minoan prototypes. The pottery illuminates the discovery of Mycenaen ceramics. according to the fortunes of Crete, the positioning declined in LH IIA, traded with Knossos in LH IIIA1, and declined back. It in short revived in LH IIIC Early, most likely following an inflow of refugees. Then it was once deserted, might be after a bloodbath. Ayios Stephanos used to be reoccupied in c. 1270 advert, while a development with a walled backyard and stables was once erected to protect the method of Skala alongside the River Vasilopotamos. This section fills a spot in our wisdom, considering no website of this era has been excavated south of Corinth. After 1321 a antagonistic raid plunged the positioning into oblivion. This e-book stories the structure and stratigraphy, the burials, the Medieval interval, the pottery and small unearths, the human and different natural continues to be, the cost development and the nearby and old context. various figures and plates record the consequences. Appendices containing techinical analyses, stratigraphic tables and concordances are on an accompanying CD.
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Extra resources for Ayios Stephanos. Excavations at a Bronze Age and Medieval Settlement in Southern Laconia
Indeed, Bronze Age Helos probablylay on the easternside oftheplain. e. In facttheregionalcapitalwas probably 23Rutterand Rutter1076. 24 The procedure Onlyselectedbasketsofsoilwerewet-sieved. According tothecataloguecompiledby E. B. Frenchand Clarissade Waal,theresiduefromflotation is now storedin ApothekeB' ofSpartaMuseumin box 100,with samplesanddryresiduefrom1974inboxes96-7, thesamefrom 1977 in box 98, and soil samplesand residuefrom1959-60 in box 00. 25 Tavinnr 1 n^*? 7. 27Banou 1996,93-4. 8 R.
Bothwallin andwalliq, similarin construction to each other,and withtheirtopsat roughly thesameelevationas thatofwall io, probablybelongedto thesecondphaseofMH I, as theexcavator, Wall J. G. Younger, suggested. 7 m fromthew baulk ofArea Zeta; forthesectionsee fig. 11 and fortheplan see fig. 14. Since sectorbeta w was freeofanystructures, itwas possibleto digdownuninterruptedly c. 4 m to the completely through bedrock,whichwas c. 4 m belowgroundsurface. The firstc. 80 cm of a fillfroma nearbydestruction, datedto the second diggingin thislimitedspace passed through phaseofMH I.
The ash ranundersomeofthe redmaterial, probablyburntmudbrick, Zeta thesevaseswerefoundcloseto thoseassociatedwithStructure sherdsthatlayto theE. e. The plan as revealedappearsto showtwolongroomsin line, it bore respects whichwerelabelledRooms3 and 4 (see fig. 13 and plate 3 a). The nw and sw wallsir and il of and so also was these wallik thatitsharedwithRoom4. Mostofwallim wasbuiltoflargestones; nondescript wall? Wasita retaining itstopcourseslopeddowntowardsthene,and itsswfacewas veryirregular.