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Atlas of the Gulf States by Philippe Cadène

By Philippe Cadène

The Arab Gulf States own greater than half the planet’s crude oil reserves, and their fuel reserves are large. The transition from being apartment economies to generating economies has triggered speedy and demanding adjustments, together with the inflow of overseas (Arab and Asian) guide employees, and brilliant city improvement, quite alongside the coast. This Atlas of the Gulf States comprises greater than a hundred and fifty maps and graphs in response to fresh info. It deals a survey of the background and monetary and concrete improvement of the Gulf quarter. For Iraq, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, Qatar, Bahrain, the United Arab Emirates, Oman, and Iran, this atlas bargains certain maps, plans and data for the suitable provinces in addition to an important towns. This Atlas is an up-to-date translation from the French variation (2011), with a extra large bibliography and an index.

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Although oil is a shared regional characteristic, it also constitutes, at a finer level of analysis, a differentiating factor between the Gulf states, taking into account the time drilling operations started, as well as the volume of production and reserves. Petroleum was used in the region for caulking, lighting, and medicinal purposes since antiquity, but modern oil drilling began in Iran before World War I (1901). During the 1930s, oil was discovered in the Basra region (the fields of the Kirkuk region have been exploited since 1927); in Bahrain; a little later in Saudi Arabia; and then, on the eve of World War II, in Kuwait and in Qatar.

Other roads are still in the planning stage, with the exception of the 26-kilometer King Fahd Causeway between Dammam and Manama, completed in 1986 and used by more than ten million people every year. Other important projects will take a long time to be completed. The main structuring project is the proposed high-speed railway lines between the different cities of the Gulf, which, it is hoped, will connect them to Baghdad and Istanbul in the future. The first section of this ambitious project drawn up by the Gulf Cooperation Council is likely to be commissioned in Saudi Arabia, where a railway line will connect the principal cities of the east coast, then lead to Kuwait.

Though Russia, Canada, Norway, and Algeria export very large quantities of gas through pipelines, Qatar is the world’s top exporter of LNG, ahead of Indonesia. LESS DOMINANT IN GAS THAN IN OIL GULF STATES LARGEST NATURAL GAS PRODUCERS IN 2006 Iran 169 Iraq 12 Kuwait 14 Bahrain Qatar 14 62 Saudi Arabia 85 Gulf States 459 UAE 73 Oman 30 0 1000 km 5000 km Data from from World World Gas Gas Intelligence, 2007. Data Intelligence, 2007. A GROWING SHARE IN GAS GULF STATES TOP PROVEN GAS RESERVES IN 2006 Gulf States 71,879 Iraq 92 Kuwait 1,586 Iran 27,500 Qatar 25,783 Bahrain 829 UAE 6,848 Saudi Arabia 6,071 0 5000 km billion m³ (over 100) Data from from World Data World Gas Gas Intelligence, Intelligence, 2007.

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