By H. R. Ekbia
This ebook is a critique of synthetic Intelligence (AI) from the viewpoint of cognitive technological know-how - it seeks to envision what we now have realized approximately human cognition from AI successes and screw ups. The book's objective is to split these "AI dreams" that both were or might be learned from those who are built via discourse and are unrealizable. AI study has complicated many parts which are intellectually compelling and holds nice promise for advances in technology, engineering, and functional structures. After the Nineteen Eighties, even if, the sector has frequently struggled to bring commonly on those offers. This ebook breaks new flooring by means of reading how the various riding goals of individuals training AI examine turn into valued contributions, whereas others devolve into unrealized and unrealizable initiatives.
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Additional info for Artificial Dreams: The Quest for Non-Biological Intelligence
The Neo-Luddite Critique r This is a general discontent with technology and its implications for human society (Roszak 1994). With this background in mind, our task in the coming chapters would be to steer clear from utopian and dystopian views that pervade much of the discourse about AI, and to achieve a realistic understanding based on the close empirical study of particular AI systems. 19:15 P1: KNP 9780521878678c02 CUFX253/Ekbia 2 978 0 521 87867 8 April 3, 2008 Deep Blue: Supercomputing AI Hobbes’ Numerical Dream Reasoning is reckoning.
AI is one of the latest instances of this collective attempt. In particular, early forms of AI pushed the mind-as-an-inner-world idea to its limits by regarding thought 19:15 P1: KNP 9780521878678c01 CUFX253/Ekbia 978 0 521 87867 8 GPS: The Origins of AI April 3, 2008 23 processes as taking place in the inner world of the mind, “independent of their environmental causes and effects” (Fodor 1980: 231). Descartes’ dualism posited two different worlds: one of primary qualities, such as size, shape, and weight, and one of secondary qualities, such as color, taste, and smell – an external world of “objective” reality, and a different world of “subjective” experience.
This worldview is, therefore, attended by a strong professional sense of engineering practice as the creation of order from social chaos, and of engineers as the benefactors of society as a whole. It is also accompanied by a strong belief in a number of strict binary oppositions: order versus chaos, reason versus emotion, mathematics versus language, technology versus society (Noble 1984: 41; Agre and Schuler 1997). Computer professionals, by and large, share the ideological outlook of engineers, with an enhanced view of technological development as “autonomous and uncontrollable when viewed from any given individual’s perspective – something to be lived by rather than collectively chosen” (Agre and Schuler 1997).