By V. Odajnyk
Introducing a brand new typology according to energy, Eros, subject and Spirit because the motivations that outline human attitudes and behavior, the booklet outlines 8 character forms according to the extraverted and introverted deployment of the 4 drives and applies those typological different types to Freud, Adler and Jung.
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Extra resources for Archetype and Character: Power, Eros, Spirit, and Matter Personality Types
His typology appears to have a comprehensive scope because it is difficult to imagine any other conscious ways, aside from those he lists, in which human beings apprehend, organize and evaluate reality. Unlike earlier typologies, which were based on differences in temperament (for example, melancholic) or styles of functioning in the world (for example, Gemini), Jung’s typology rests on operations of the psyche common to all human beings. Every person has and makes use of the four functions he describes and it is only a matter of temperament or habit that determines one’s typology.
And need I cite the statistics for domestic violence or for the sexual abuse of women and children? Physical violence and emotional torture, the negative sides of Eros, are integral to all intimate relationships. Communities based on the principle of Eros are no less controlling and intolerant than those based on Power: if you do not share the community values or act in a selfish way, you will be reprimanded, in the name of love of course, and ultimately ostracized. ”8 In other words, at its extreme, an enantiodromia takes place and Eros reverts to its opposite.
Each of the four archetypes can confer a specific character to a historical period or culture. For example, Physis was the dominant archetype of the ancient Egyptians exemplified by the massive pyramids, monumental sculptures and the art of mummification. The Roman Empire and the Age of Imperialism were manifestations of the archetype of Power. These periods were marked by Power considerations as a style of behavior: the seizure of territory was motivated by the Power drive and not by cultural or economic interest in the conquered areas.