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Antiphon the Athenian: Oratory, Law, and Justice in the Age by Michael Gagarin

By Michael Gagarin

Gagarin demonstrates persuasively that Antiphon the logographer is the same with the Antiphon who made highbrow contributions on extra summary themes. --Mervin R. Dilts, Professor of Classics, long island college Antiphon used to be a fifth-century Athenian highbrow (ca. 480-411 BCE) who created the career of speechwriting whereas serving as an influential and hugely sought-out adviser to litigants within the Athenian courts. 3 of his speeches are preserved, including 3 units of Tetralogies (four hypothetical paired speeches), whose authenticity is typically doubted. Fragments additionally live to tell the tale of highbrow treatises on topics together with justice, legislations, and nature (physis), that are frequently attributed to a separate Antiphon the Sophist. have been those Antiphons fairly one and an analogous person, endowed with a wide-ranging brain able to take on lots of the various highbrow pursuits of his day? via an research of these kinds of writings, this publication convincingly argues that they have been composed by means of a unmarried person, Antiphon the Athenian. Michael Gagarin units shut readings of person works inside a much wider dialogue of the fifth-century Athenian highbrow weather and the philosophical ferment referred to as the sophistic flow. this allows him to illustrate the general coherence of Antiphon's pursuits and writings and to teach how he was once a pivotal determine among the sophists and the Attic orators of the fourth century. furthermore, Gagarin's argument permits us to re-evaluate the paintings of the sophists as an entire, on the way to now be obvious as essentially attracted to emblems (speech, argument) and as precursors of fourth-century rhetoric, instead of of their ordinary position as foils for Plato.

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407 Dindorf ), Lysias called both Plato and Aeschines Socraticus Sophists. 12 In fact, in Plato’s portrayal (Protagoras 316d–317c), Protagoras says that other Sophists have always avoided being identified as such, and that his own acceptance of the name is exceptional. 42 antiphon: life and works by city of origin, and it is hard to see why Xenophon would have chosen the designation “the Sophist” rather than some other (ethnic or demotic or patronymic) that would make the identity absolutely clear.

7 conclusion 33 tional authority of the gods. Several Sophists held untraditional views of the gods, but Protagoras’s is the best known: “Concerning the gods, I am not in a position to know either that they exist or that they do not exist, or what form they might have, for many things prevent our knowing—the obscurity of the subject (ade¯lote¯s) and the shortness of human life” (4 DK, 20 GW). ” 70 Since knowledge depends on human perceptions, and we do not directly perceive the gods, we cannot know whether they exist.

I understand that. knox: It isn’t very humanistic either. Poets are not going to be allowed in the republic unless . . cheney: They sing the state song. knox: Yes, right. It sounds like something that just collapsed recently on the other side of the world. cheney: That’s true. The enduring success of Plato’s hostile portrayal of the Sophists is evident here. The fact that an amazingly good case can be made for them has no apparent effect on Cheney’s basic assumptions: they are extreme relativists who oppose the idea of truth and try to persuade their fellow citizens 72 Cheney 1992: 35 –36.

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