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Alternatives to Pesticides in Stored-product Ipm by Bhadriraju Subramanyam, David W. Hagstrum

By Bhadriraju Subramanyam, David W. Hagstrum

Insects linked to uncooked grain and processed meals reason qualitative and quantitative losses. combating those losses attributable to stored-product bugs is key from the farmer's box to the consumer's desk. whereas conventional insecticides play an important position in stored-product built-in pest administration (IPM), there has lately been, and should remain, a better emphasis on substitute ways. Alternatives to insecticides in Stored-Product IPM information the main promising equipment, starting from severe temperatures to the debatable radiation, and from insect-resistant packaging to pathogens. This assortment is key for an individual in academia, undefined, or govt drawn to pest ecology or nutrients or grain science.

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Stored Prod. Res. 33: 321329. , P. K. Harein, and L. K. Cutkomp. 1989. Field tests with probe traps for sampling adult insects infesting farm-stored grain. J. Agric. Entomol. 6: 9-21. Surgeoner, G. , and W. Roberts. 1993. Reducing pesticide use by 50% in the province of Ontario: challenges and progress, pp. 206-222. In D. Pimentel and H. ], The Pesticide Question, Chapman and Hall, New York. , J. K. Torrance, B. Baum, L. Fahrig, J. D. H. Lambert, and J. T. Amason. 1999. Traditional farmers' knowledge of sorghum (Sorghum bicolor (Poaceae)) landrace storability in Ethopia.

They found that Iwao's sequential sampling plan generally required a larger number of samples to reach a decision than Wald's sequential probability ratio test plan. Upper stop line error rate was set smaller than the lower stop line error rate because the cost of failing to detect a heavy infestation of P. truncatus, losing most of the stored grain and leaving family without food, is much more serious than unnecessary pest management. They also investigated a binomial sampling plan but found that too many cobs needed to be examined at low densities.

Arn. Assoc. , St. Paul, Minnesota. Hagstrum, D. W. 1989. Infestation by Crypto/estes ferrugineus of newly-harvested wheat stored on three Kansas farms. J. Econ. ' 82: 655-659. Hagstrum, D. W. 1994. Field monitoring and prediction of stored-grain insect populations. Postharvest News and Information 5: 39-45. Hagstrum, D. W. 1996. Monitoring and predicting population growth of Rhyzopertha dominica (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae) over a range of environmental conditions. Environ. ' 25: 1354-1359. Hagstrum, D.

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