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A Greek Army on the March: Soldiers and Survival in by John W. I. Lee

By John W. I. Lee

Professor Lee presents a social and cultural heritage of the Cyreans, the mercenaries of Xenophon's Anabasis. whereas they've got usually been portrayed as a unmarried summary political neighborhood, this booklet unearths that existence within the military used to be generally formed via a suite of smaller social groups: the formal unit service provider of the lochos ('company'), and the casual comradeship of the suskenia ('mess group'). It contains complete remedy of the environmental stipulations of the march, ethnic and socio-economic kin among the warriors, gear and delivery, marching and camp behaviour, consuming and consuming, sanitation and remedy, and plenty of different issues. It additionally accords particular recognition to the non-combatants accompanying the warriors. It makes use of historical literary and archaeological facts, old and glossy comparative fabric, and views from army sociology and smooth warfare experiences. This publication is vital examining for an individual engaged on historical Greek battle or on Xenophon's Anabasis.

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Extra resources for A Greek Army on the March: Soldiers and Survival in Xenophon's Anabasis

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An. 16. 174–6, Manfredi (1986) 179–89. An. 175. Bitlis, along the Upper Tigris, and Mus, on the Teleboas, are both about 1,500 masl; the average elevation of the region is ca. 1,650 masl. 66 Elsewhere the locals secured themselves and their possessions in mountaintop strongholds. 67 Before reaching Trapezus, there was a final obstacle: the Pontic coastal mountains. 68 The coastal range was heavily wooded on its lower reaches. 72 62 63 64 65 66 68 69 72 The army’s route in this region is impossible to pin down exactly; Lendle (1995) 237 provides a summary of various suggested itineraries.

Although they saw some combat, the soldiers spent most of this period waiting: waiting for the Spartans to figure out what to do with them, waiting for their generals to decide where to lead them, waiting for Seuthes to pay them, waiting for the right weather so they could sail for home. 158 The cold was probably not intolerable on the coast, with November temperatures perhaps still a mild 8◦ –12◦ C (46◦ –53◦ F) and even January lows generally well above freezing. Fall and winter, though, were rainy and damp.

28 A Greek Army on the March also explain why both Cyreans and Persians sat motionless for twenty days – the balance of August – after Clearchus and Tissaphernes concluded a truce. 57 As the army trekked north and August gave way to September, the heat fell off dramatically. Although daytime temperatures in the region of the Greater Zapatas could still reach into the upper 30◦ s C (95◦ –100◦ F or so) in late September – around the time of the seizure of the generals – days were getting shorter and nights cooler.

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