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A Different Democracy: American Government in a 31-Country by Steven L. Taylor, Matthew S. Shugart, Arend Lijphart,

By Steven L. Taylor, Matthew S. Shugart, Arend Lijphart, Bernard Grofman

4 unusual students in political technological know-how study American democracy from a comparative viewpoint, exploring how the U.S. political process differs from that of thirty different democracies and what these variations finally suggest for democratic functionality. This crucial textual content ways the subsequent associations from a political engineering standpoint: constitutions, electoral platforms, and political events, in addition to legislative, govt, and judicial energy. The textual content appears to be like at democracies from around the globe over a two-decade timeframe. the result's not just a clean view of the much-discussed subject of yank exceptionalism but in addition an leading edge method of comparative politics that treats the USA as yet one case between many. a fantastic textbook for either American and comparative politics classes.

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The southern part was economically better off and had a Protestant majority. Thus the population was divided into pro and antiseparatist movements. After a series of votations the new canton of Jura was created, but the southern districts had voted to stay with the old canton and therefore the small ethnic Jurassian population, because of its internal fragmentation, has not been integrated into a single political unit. Whereas the creation of the new canton was widely praised as the solution that corresponded most to the principle of self-determination by the people concerned, some separatist groups still claim that the southern districts should be reunited with the Jura canton.

I3 And it is true that the rules of these democracies were - by the standards of today -less than perfect: women were denied political rights, while some cantons established electoral rules that excluded poor or unmarried men from the vote. The citizens elected a parliament, but were denied the 16 Swiss Democracy right to elect its executive. Yet at the same time political rights were extended to allow the people to participate in the current decisions of parliament. This was the beginning of the unique political culture of semidirect democracy, which will be described in Chapter 3.

Until 1971, when voting was the privilege of male citizens only, duty of serving in the army was considered to be correlative with having political rights - and was also used as an argument against women's suffrage. The ideology of all male citizens defending their country, and identifying with this task, was said to be the 'cement' of Swiss male society. 17 18 Swiss Democracy preferences of different ethnic or religious group. Thus federalism pennitted - and pennits - cultural differences to coexist, and it protects minorities.

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